What Is Epidermolysis Bullosa (EB) And How Do You Treat It?

Epidermolysis Bullosa (EB) 

EB What Is Epidermolysis Bullosa (EB) And How Do You Treat It? Houston DermatologistEpidermolysis bullosa (EB) is a group of rare, genetic skin diseases in which the skin grows very fragile and begins to easily blister. The skin fragility may be noticed at birth or soon after when a delicate back rub or a hug or a change of diaper is enough to injure the skin, resulting in blistering or open wounds.

Some infants may develop painful blisters in the wet linings of the throat, mouth, stomach, and intestines because of the friction caused when they swallow food or have a bowel movement.

The disease manifestation can vary across children. A mild form of EB can be managed by taking precautions that help to avoid injury. In severely affected children, EB becomes a disability that requires round the clock medical care.

Texas Surgical Dermatology, led by board certified dermatologist Dr. Tri H. Nguyen, provides advanced skin care treatments to patients in Houston, Katy, Spring, The Woodlands, Texas, and surrounding locations.

What are the Types of Epidermolysis Bullosa (EB)?

There are 4 main types of EB which can be distinguished based on their symptoms. These include:

Epidermolysis Bullosa Simplex (EBS)

This is the mildest type which is also the most common. Blisters appear on only the hands and feet of the newborn and the blistering may cease as the child grows. By teenage or young adulthood, the skin of the individual’s palms and soles turns hard and thickened. In some patients, the EBS is more severe with blisters occurring on any part of the skin and even within the mouth.

Dystrophic Epidermolysis Bullosa (DEB)

In a mild case of this dermatology condition, the child shows the presence of blisters only on the hands, elbows, knees, and feet.

In more severe cases, blistering is widespread, and results in patches from where the skin is entirely missing. Blisters within the mouth and esophagus make it painful to swallow food, and the baby will require a feeding tube.

Junctional Epidermolysis Bullosa (JEB)

A mild case of JEB manifests as blisters only on the elbows, hands, knees, and feet of the newborn, and may reduce by the time the baby is around 3 months of age.

In severe cases of JEB, blisters begin to develop in the digestive tract or on larger parts of the body. When these blisters start healing and scars begin to appear, the fingers or toes may get joined together. Such children may also develop breathing problems, infections, and hair loss.

Babies with a very severe form of JEB often do not survive beyond the first year of life.

Kindler Syndrome

This is one of the rarest forms of EB. Soon after birth, the baby’s skin begins to blister and shows extreme sensitivity to the sun. These effects reduce as the child grows but a new condition called poikiloderma appears in its place, causing patches of skin to grow dark. Initially, the darkening occurs only in areas of skin exposed to the sun but after puberty, the effect spreads all over the skin.

Board certified dermatologist Dr. Tri H. Nguyen receives patients from Houston, Katy, Spring, The Woodlands, Texas, and nearby areas for safe and proven skin care procedures.

For More Information contact our Board Certified in Dermatologists at Texas Surgical Dermatology in Spring, TX

For more information on procedures and treatments offered at Texas Surgical Dermatology PA please call 832.663.6566 or click here to contact our dermatologists. Helping patients in Houston, The Woodlands, Spring, Katy and other surrounding areas of Texas.

Mole / Skin Tag Removal 

Mole Removal 

mole-skin-tag-removal Mole / Skin Tag Removal  Houston DermatologistSkin tags and moles are generally harmless and do not need any treatment. If they are a cosmetic problem, or if moles turn abnormal, they can be easily removed by a simple excision process. Consult a surgical dermatologist to check if your mole is harmless or malignant.  

Experts recommend removal of moles that are likely to turn malignant over time. The mole removal surgery is generally performed under local anesthesia on an outpatient basis. When done by a skin specialist, the procedure is complete safe and will leave no significant visible scars behind. 

Texas Surgical Dermatology, led by board certified dermatologist Dr. Tri H. Nguyen, provides mole and skin tag removal to patients in Houston, Katy, Spring, The Woodlands, Texas, and surrounding locations.  

Types of Skin Outgrowths 

Skin aberrations such as moles and skin tags may be classified as follows: 

  • Raised moles: Moles that rise from deep inside the skin, and are visible as outgrowths on the skin, raised above the skin surface. They may come in different colors such as brown, black, blue, or red. 
  • Flat moles: Dark skin spots or irregular areas flush with the skin surface. 
  • Skin tags: Flaps of skin tissue connected by a narrow stalk to the skin surface. They are usually painless and have the same color as the skin. 

Most moles are non-cancerous and do not require removal. But if you notice your mole change in any way, it is best to consult a surgical dermatologist. They will examine the mole for bleeding or itching, and changes in size or color and decide if the mole requires removal. 

Skin Tags and Mole Removal Surgery 

Skin tags generally do not require any treatment unless they cause discomfort. Surgeons use simple procedures such as tying off or freezing or cutting to remove skin tags. 

When it comes to moles, the treatment method a surgeon uses depends on the type of mole the patient presents. Raised moles with deep roots will require an excision to uproot the mole from its base. After surgery, the area will be stitched with sutures.  

Dermatologists advise protection of the operated area following mole removal surgery. You should keep the wound clean and fully protected from exposure to the sun for a few weeks until the wound heals completely.  

Flat moles that are superficial require nothing more than a simple shaving off the skin. This is done after thorough disinfection of the skin and under the supervision of an expert doctor. A scab forms on the shaved region and this falls off in about a week, leaving normal skin behind.  

Never Remove Moles at Home 

A mole may appear to be superficial, but have deeper roots. Only a plastic surgeon can decide how it must be removed after a thorough examination. Never try to remove moles at home by yourself using a shaving razor. It can be dangerous and lead to bleeding and infection that leaves your skin damaged and disfigured.  

Board certified dermatologist Dr. Tri H. Nugyen receives patients from Houston, Katy, Spring, The Woodlands, Texas, and nearby areas for mole and skin tag removal procedure. 

For More Information contact our Board Certified in Dermatologists at Texas Surgical Dermatology in Spring, TX

For more information on procedures and treatments offered at Texas Surgical Dermatology PA please call 832.663.6566 or click here to contact our dermatologists. Helping patients in Houston, The Woodlands, Spring, Katy and other surrounding areas of Texas.

Houston Dermatologist FAQ: What is Botulinum toxin (BOTOX) used for? 

Botulinum toxin (BOTOX)

lip-enhancement Houston Dermatologist FAQ: What is Botulinum toxin (BOTOX) used for?  Houston DermatologistWomen and men who are worried about the onset of aging lines on their face, and are seeking non-surgical solutions may be candidates for Botox injections. Botox is proven and effective treatment for the reduction of facial lines and wrinkles.  

The FDA had first approved Botox in 2002 for cosmetic reduction of frown lines, and since then it has remained the number one non-surgical facial anti-aging treatment.  

Botox can most effectively reduce the horizontal lines on the forehead and lines between the brows. Lines emanating from the outer corners of the eyes (crow’s feet) can also be best treated with Botox.  

The FDA has approved both these cosmetic applications. Experienced dermatologists may also successfully use Botox for various non-label applications to rejuvenate the facial appearance.  

Texas Surgical Dermatology, led by board certified dermatologist Dr. Tri H. Nguyen provides Botox injections to patients in Houston, Katy, Spring, The Woodlands, Texas, and surrounding locations. 

Cosmetic Benefits 

The active ingredient in Botox is botulinum toxin type A, which is a highly potent biological agent to ease targeted facial muscles that are causing wrinkle formation on the surface of the skin. Botulinum toxin, which used in very tiny quantities, can temporarily relax the underlying muscles, which will result in fading away of the wrinkle almost immediately.  

Sometimes a cosmetic dermatologist may combine Botox with dermal filler injections to provide a ‘liquid facelift’ treatment to patients. Temporary brow lift, eyelid lift and forehead lift may also be performed in a completely non-surgical way with Botox in conjunction with other minimally invasive treatments.  

Botox Cosmetic Applications in Specific Areas 

Eyes 

Dynamic wrinkles and fine lines may form around the eyes because of repetitive movements of the eye muscles and facial expressions. Botox often works very well to treat these lines. Botulinum toxin will only relax the overactive muscle that is creating wrinkles, and not the nerves of sensation. So, sensation loss will not occur in the treated sites.  

Brows 

Frowning, laughing, smiling and other expressions can gradually cause conspicuous wrinkles to form between the brows. Botox can correct mild to severe frown lines between the brows. A growing number of men are also now choosing Botox to reduce deep furrows between the brows. 

Forehead  

Deep forehead lines can make the face appear old, tired or angry. Aging effects will also create permanent horizontal creases in the forehead over time. Botox can mitigate the impact of these lines by easing the underlying forehead muscles. Botox is usually more effective for the treatment of horizontal lines.  

Jaw Contouring 

Botox treatment providers in recent years have used Botox with excellent results to improve jaw contours. If your jaw muscles (that are used for chewing) are large, it could make your face appear square shaped. Botox can be used skillfully to create a more oval shaped, natural looking face.  

The FDA has also approved Botox for a number of medical applications, such as migraine treatment, reduction of hyperhidrosis (excessive perspiration), and involuntary movement of eye muscles. Board certified dermatologist Dr. Tri H. Nguyen receives patients from Houston, Katy, Spring, The Woodlands, Texas, and nearby areas for Botox injections.  

For More Information contact our Board Certified in Dermatologists at Texas Surgical Dermatology in Spring, TX

For more information on procedures and treatments offered at Texas Surgical Dermatology PA please call 832.663.6566 or click here to contact our dermatologists. Helping patients in Houston, The Woodlands, Spring, Katy and other surrounding areas of Texas.

Houston Dermatologist FAQ: What causes birthmarks and can you remove them? 

Birthmark Causes & Removal

birthmark-457x630 Houston Dermatologist FAQ: What causes birthmarks and can you remove them?  Houston DermatologistAny type of spot, bump, or mark that exists at or around the time of a child’s birth on the skin is called a birthmark. These lesions often end up compromising the aesthetic appearance of an individual in the future. But it is possible to remove most types of birthmarks with advanced non-surgical treatments. 

Texas Surgical Dermatology, led by board certified dermatologist Dr. Tri H. Nguyen provides birthmark removal procedures to patients in Houston, Katy, Spring, The Woodlands, Texas, and surrounding communities.  

Causes of Birthmarks 

Birthmarks usually occur because of defective cell migration at the time of fetal development. When these cells begin to multiply, they will produce tissue that has similar characteristics as their cell type. However, the tissue will typically be present in a new location.  

Birthmarks can be segregated according to their composition. If the mark appears due to excessive melanin accumulation, it is known as a pigmented birthmark. A vast majority of these marks are in shades of black and brown. Other birthmarks are of a lighter shade than the surrounding skin because a lack of melanin. 

Another category of birthmarks is vascular birthmarks, which are composed of blood vessels. These marks are usually purple, blue or red in color. Some birthmarks are composed of epidermal tissue, breast tissue, lymphatic tissue, and these are usually yellow or skin-colored. Birth trauma may sometimes leave a scar, which could be interpreted as a birthmark. 

Treatment 

Both vascular and pigmented birthmarks can now be treated. The treatment approach will depend on the type of tissue involves and the patient’s personal cosmetic needs. An experienced dermatologist can provide effective treatments to resolve certain types of vascular birthmarks. In general, the birthmark removal techniques involve targeted elimination of the defective cells that are involved in the birthmark.  

Laser Removal of Birthmarks 

Laser treatments are one of the most effective non-surgical solutions to remove unsightly birthmarks on your skin, such as black or brown spots and vascular lesions (which appear in the form of red or pink marks). Vascular lesions include port wine stains and haemangiomas (strawberry naevus).  

Special laser devices can be applied to safely reduce or remove marks, spots, and lesions (areas of abnormal tissue). The laser beam will target the pigment (color) or blood vessels, and disintegrate them with controlled heat energy. The lesion will get treated as the pigment or blood vessels are eliminated.  

High precision laser treatments from an experienced dermatologist will ensure that no lasting damage occurs to the surrounding healthy tissue.  

Things to Note for Laser Treatments 

  • Laser therapy can be used to treat various types of skin conditions in children, such as port wine stains or haemangiomas. 
  • Laser treatments can mostly be performed only using a local anesthetic topical cream, which will numb the affected site. The child will feel no discomfort. Depending on the situation, a child may be administered mild sedation to keep them completely comfortable. 
  • The treated site may be slightly swollen, sore or blistered following the laser treatment. But the condition will rapidly resolve by itself.  

Board certified dermatologist Dr. Tri H. Nguyen receives patients from Houston, Katy, Spring, The Woodlands, Texas, and nearby areas for birthmark treatment. 

For More Information contact our Board Certified in Dermatologists at Texas Surgical Dermatology in Spring, TX

For more information on procedures and treatments offered at Texas Surgical Dermatology PA please call 832.663.6566 or click here to contact our dermatologists. Helping patients in Houston, The Woodlands, Spring, Katy and other surrounding areas of Texas.

Houston Dermatologist FAQ: What Are Bed bugs And Treatment For Them 

Bed bug Treatments

bed-bugs-treatment Houston Dermatologist FAQ: What Are Bed bugs And Treatment For Them  Houston DermatologistBed bugs are tiny insects that feed on human blood. They typically hide in dark places close to where humans sleep, and crawl out when people are in deep sleep. It is not easy to find bed bugs at home unless you are specifically looking for them.  

You are unlikely to notice when you are bitten by a bed bug because chances are that you would be sleeping at that time. Moreover, before drawing your blood, the bed bug will inject your skin with a substance that prevents you from feeling the bite. You may only notice welts in the affected area when you wake up.  

Texas Surgical Dermatology, led by board certified dermatologist Dr. Tri H. Nguyen provides treatment for bed bug bites to patients in Houston, Katy, Spring, The Woodlands, Texas, and surrounding locations. 

Treatment Options 

If you have experienced one of the following signs, you should consult with your dermatologist for potential bug bites: 

  • Signs of multiple bites 
  • Sudden eruptions or blisters 
  • Skin infection (the skin may feel tender after the bite or ooze pus or another discharge)  
  • An allergic response in the affected site (red and inflamed skin or hives) 

Your dermatologist may prescribe the following treatments for bed bug bites:  

Allergic Response  

If you have a severe allergic response, your dermatologist will determine whether you require an injection of corticosteroid, antihistamine, or epinephrine (adrenaline).  

Infection 

A course of antibiotics may be necessary if the bug bites have caused an infection. If the infection is mild, your dermatologist may advise an antiseptic medication that you can buy without a prescription. Your doctor will suggest which medication to use and will also recommend an antiseptic treatment to prevent worsening of the infection. 

Itch  

A prescription antihistamine liquid or pill can also help to treat bug bites. Depending on the severity of the itch, your dermatologist will recommend the most appropriate treatment. 

At-Home Treatment 

If you have not experienced a significant allergic response or do not show any signs of infection, you may be able to treat bed bug bites at home. Here are the two suggested steps for at-home treatment:  

  • Wash the area of the bites with mild soap and water in order to relieve the itchiness and prevent the occurrence of skin infection.  
  • If the itching is persistent, apply a corticosteroid cream to the affected site of the bug bites. Milder forms of this medication can be purchased without prescription, but if you need it in higher strength, you will need a prescription from your dermatologist.  

The symptoms of bed bug bites usually subside and heal in about 7 to 14 days. If you have been traveling, you should be conscious about preventing bringing bed bugs into your home. If you are worried you may have picked up bed bugs, you should inspect every item you bring home to look for blackish pecks, shell-like remains, and blood drops to identify the presence of bed bugs.  

Board certified dermatologist Dr. Tri H. Nguyen receives patients from Houston, Katy, Spring, The Woodlands, Texas, and nearby areas for bed bug bite treatment. 

For More Information contact our Board Certified in Dermatologists at Texas Surgical Dermatology in Spring, TX

For more information on procedures and treatments offered at Texas Surgical Dermatology PA please call 832.663.6566 or click here to contact our dermatologists. Helping patients in Houston, The Woodlands, Spring, Katy and other surrounding areas of Texas.

What Causes Alopecia Areata (Hair Loss)?

Alopecia Areata (Hair Loss)

Alopecia-Areata-Hair-Loss-Men-Women What Causes Alopecia Areata (Hair Loss)? Houston DermatologistThe meaning of alopecia is hair loss. A medical condition known as alopecia areata causes the hair to fall out in round patches. The hair can fall out on the scalp as well as other areas of the body. 

Alopecia areata can lead to various types of hair loss, namely: 

  • Alopecia areata (hair loss in patches) 
  • Alopecia universalis (lose all hair on the body) 
  • Alopecia totalis (lose all hair on the scalp) 

Texas Surgical Dermatology, led by board certified dermatologist Dr. Tri H. Nguyen, provides advanced skin care procedures to patients in Houston, Katy, Spring, The Woodlands, Texas, and surrounding locations. 

What causes Alopecia Areata? 

People can experience this type of hair loss at any age. It usually begins in childhood. Certain patients with alopecia areata have a family member who also has the condition.  

Alopecia areata is an autoimmune disease, which means that the body’s own immune system attacks it. In the case of alopecia areata, the body attacks its own hair follicles. An individual’s genes, along with other factors, might trigger this type of hair loss.   

But most commonly this condition occurs in people with a family history of other autoimmune diseases, such as rheumatoid arthritis or type 1 diabetes. For this reason, some scientists believe that genetics may be a contributory factor in the occurrence of alopecia areata. 

In addition, they also believe that some factors in the environment are necessary to trigger alopecia areata in individuals who have a genetic predisposition to the condition.  

The condition develops when white blood cells attack the cells in hair follicles, which causes them to constrict and significantly slow down hair production. It is unknown exactly what causes the body’s immune system to target hair follicles in this manner.  

One in five individuals with the disease has a family member who has alopecia areata as well. 

Other research indicates that many individuals with a family history of alopecia areata have a personal or family history of other autoimmune diseases, such as atopy, a condition characterized by a tendency to be thyroiditis, hyperallergic, and vitiligo. 

Irrespective of what many people believe, there is scant scientific evidence to support the view that stress causes alopecia areata. While extreme cases of stress may trigger this dermatology condition, most recent research indicates that the cause may be genetic.  

Who is affected by Alopecia Areata? 

Alopecia areata tends to develop in adults between the ages of 30 to 60 years. But it may also occur in older people, and rarely, young kids. Men and women are equally impacted by this disorder, but alopecia areata is not contagious. 

This disorder is distinct from hair loss that may happen after stopping hormonal estrogen and progesterone therapies for birth control or the hair shedding that occurs with the end of pregnancy. There are various treatable conditions that could be confused with alopecia areata. 

How do Health Care Professionals diagnose Alopecia Areata? 

The characteristic finding of alopecia areata is multiple well-circumscribed areas of hairless skin in areas that should be hair-bearing. On occasion, the patient may require a biopsy of the scalp in order to confirm the diagnosis. 

Board certified dermatologist Dr. Tri H. Nguyen receives patients from Houston, Katy, Spring, The Woodlands, Texas, and nearby areas for safe and proven skin care treatments.  

For More Information contact our Board Certified in Dermatologists at Texas Surgical Dermatology

For more information on procedures and treatments offered at Texas Surgical Dermatology PA please call 832.663.6566 or click here to contact our dermatologists. Helping patients in Houston, The Woodlands, Springs, Katy and other surrounding areas of Texas.

Allergic Contact Dermatitis

Contact Dermatitis

Contact dermatitis develops when something that the skin touches causes a rash. Some rashes develop instantly, but most take time to appear. Almost every person gets this type of eczema at least once.

Allergic Contact DermatitisDermatitis-200x300 Allergic Contact Dermatitis Houston Dermatologist

Certain people have an allergic skin response. Contact dermatitis is a rash caused by the following things, among others:

  • Poison ivy
  • Nickel
  • Latex gloves
  • Makeup applied once or a few times
  • Jewelry that a person wore for an extended time without a reaction, such as a wedding band
  • Jewelry that a person wore only for a few hours or days

Irritant Contact Dermatitis

This form of contact dermatitis is more common and develops when something irritates the skin. Most things irritate the skin with enough contact. An individual diagnosed with any of the below-mentioned has irritant contact dermatitis:

  • Acid burn
  • Diaper rash
  • Dry, cracked hands because of lots of contact with water
  • Irritated skin surrounding the mouth due to lip-licking

The skin quickly becomes irritated when a toxic substance touches it. If the skin reacted to one of the toxic substances below, the person might have developed contact dermatitis:

  • Bleach
  • Battery acid
  • Pepper spray

A person may also develop contact dermatitis when they have lots of contact with less irritating substances, such as:

  • Foods
  • Water
  • Soap

People often develop irritant contact dermatitis at the workplace. Nurses, beauticians, bartenders, and others who spend significant amounts of time with wet hands may get this dermatology condition. It typically initiates with dry, cracked hands. Over time, the skin on their hands may start to burn and sting, and it becomes very tender. At times, the skin bleeds and itches.

If the rash does not clear within a few weeks, the patient will need to consult a dermatologist. Treatment is important when contact dermatitis occurs as it can prevent the condition from becoming worse and enabling the skin to heal.

Suggestions for Managing Contact Dermatitis

At times, the patient can get rid of the rash themselves. The following suggestions by dermatologists can help them identify the cause:

If the patient feels that using or wearing a specific item has caused the rash, they should discontinue using this item. Once they can identify what is causing the rash, avoiding it usually clears the rash.

In case the rash starts to clear, the culprit may be apparent. In case the rash remains for worsens for two weeks, the patient should set up a consultation with a dermatologist.

Rash beneath clothing, jewelry, or shoes

If a rash occurs where clothing, jewelry, shoes, a zipper, a fastener, or a zipper touches the skin:

Discontinue wearing the item for a few days.

If the rash starts to clear when the patient stops wearing the item, they may be allergic to a fabric finisher, metal, or dye.

When to Consult a Dermatologist

A person should consult a dermatologist if they have a rash that:

  • Is severe (blisters, oozing, intense itch, or raw skin)
  • Does not clear up in a few days
  • Develops in a transient manner
  • Occurs due to something at the workplace

A dermatologist can assist the patient in understanding whether they have any allergies. In case the patient has an allergy, the dermatologist can develop a plan to help them avoid things that cause the rash.

For More Information contact our Board Certified in Dermatologists at Texas Surgical Dermatology in Spring, TX

For more information on procedures and treatments offered at Texas Surgical Dermatology PA please call 832.663.6566 or click here to contact our dermatologists. Helping patients in Houston, The Woodlands, Spring, Katy and other surrounding areas of Texas.

Common Skin Pigmentation Disorder: Acanthosis nigricans

Skin Pigmentation Disorder

Acanthosis-nigricans Common Skin Pigmentation Disorder: Acanthosis nigricans Houston DermatologistAcanthosis nigricans refers to a fairly common skin pigmentation disorder. The most notable indication of this condition is dark skin patches with a thick, velvety texture. The impacted area of skin may also have an odor or itch.

These patches may manifest on skin folds and other areas, including:

  • Groin
  • Armpits
  • Soles of the feet
  • Neck
  • Elbows
  • Knees
  • Knuckles
  • Lips
  • Palms

Acanthosis nigricans may be indicative of a more serious dermatology condition, such as prediabetes. The most effective treatments are geared toward identifying and resolving medical conditions at the root of the problem. These skin patches tend to clear up after successful treatment of the underlying condition. 

Texas Surgical Dermatology, led by board certified dermatologist Dr. Tri H. Nguyen, provides advanced skin care procedures to patients in Houston, Katy, Spring, The Woodlands, Texas, and surrounding locations.

Who is at Risk for Acanthosis Nigricans?

Acanthosis nigricans occurs in men as well as women. It develops more commonly in people who are overweight, has a darker complexion, and have diabetes or prediabetic conditions. There is a higher risk of developing type 2 diabetes later in life for children with acanthosis nigricans.

The frequency of acanthosis nigricans differs between ethnicities. The American Academy of Dermatology states that people of African, Caribbean, or Hispanic descent are at an increased risk of developing this condition. 

All ethnic groups are at an equal risk of developing acanthosis nigricans when body mass index (BMI) is significantly above normal. 

What causes Acanthosis Nigricans?

Acanthosis nigricans skin patches develop when epidermal skin cells start reproducing in a rapid manner. This abnormal growth of skin cells is commonly triggered by high blood insulin levels. In exceptional cases, the increase in skin cells may occur due to drugs, cancer, or other health conditions.

How is Acanthosis Nigricans Diagnosed?

Acanthosis nigricans is easily recognizable by sight. The doctor may want to check the patient for diabetes or insulin resistance as the cause. These tests may include fasting insulin tests or blood glucose tests. In addition, the doctor may also review the patient’s medications to understand if they are a contributory factor. 

In exceptional cases, the dermatology expert may undertake other tests, such as a small skin biopsy, to eliminate other potential causes. 

How is Acanthosis Nigricans Treated?

Acanthosis nigricans is not a disease. It is a symptom of another condition that may warrant medical attention. The treatment is heavily focused on treating the underlying cause. If the patient is overweight, the doctor will advise them to lose weight. The doctor may also prescribe meds to help bring their blood glucose under control.

If medications or supplements are the cause behind the condition, the doctor will ask the patient to stop using them or recommend substitutes. The discolored skin patches will typically fade when the root cause is addressed.

Cosmetic Treatments

In case the patient is concerned about the appearance of their affected skin, there are cosmetic treatments available, including:

  • Skin lighteners, such as Retin-A, alpha hydroxy acids, 20 percent urea, and salicylic acid
  • Oral acne medications
  • Antibacterial soaps
  • Laser therapy

These treatments can enhance the appearance of acanthosis nigricans, but they are not a cure for the condition. 

Ongoing Care and Prevention

It is advisable to maintain a healthy lifestyle to prevent acanthosis nigricans. Weight loss, diet control, and adjustments to any medications that are a contributory factor to the condition are all vital steps. 

Board certified dermatologist Dr. Tri H. Nguyen receives patients from Houston, Katy, Spring, The Woodlands, Texas, and nearby areas for safe and proven skin care procedures.

For more information on procedures and treatments offered at Texas Surgical Dermatology PA please call 832.663.6566 or click here to contact our dermatologists. Helping patients in Houston, The Woodlands, Springs, Katy and other surrounding areas of Texas.

Cold Sore Causes & Treatments

Cold Sore Treatment

shutterstock_101105884-e1572398983277-492x630 Cold Sore Causes & Treatments Houston DermatologistA cold sore refers to a small blister or group of blisters that typically develop on the lip or around the mouth. Cold sores occur due to the herpes simplex virus (HSV).

Cold sores occur quite commonly, and over 50 percent of Americans aged 14 to 49 years carry the virus that causes these sores. After the cold sores clear, the virus remains in the body. In case the virus reactivates or wakes up, the cold sores may recur.

Not Serious but Contagious

In general, cold sores are not a serious dermatology condition, and will tend to clear within two weeks in healthy people. However, a person with a cold sore can spread the virus to others who do not have the virus. Despite the cold sores receiving treatment, the virus can still spread to others. A patient remains contagious until all the sores have scabbed over.

A person can avoid infecting others by taking the following precautions until all of the sores scab over:

  • Do not kiss people, particularly children
  • Avoid other forms of intimate contact
  • Avoid close contact with anyone with a weakened immune system, including newborn infants
  • Do not share personal in items such as towels, lip balm, or razors
  • Do not share food or drinks
  • Wash the hands immediately after touching a cold sore or applying medicine to it
  • Wash the hands often during the day

These precautions are particularly crucial if the patient is around a child who has eczema or an individual with a weakened immune system. It can be quite serious if that person catches the virus.

How do dermatologists treat cold sores?

A dermatologist may prescribe the following to treat cold sores:

Antiviral Drugs

Cold sores occur due to a virus, so antiviral medicines are used to treat them. The dermatologist may prescribe drugs that the patient may need to:

  • Apply directly to the sores, such as acyclovir cream or docosanol cream
  • Take by mouth such as valacyclovir, famciclovir, or acyclovir

For a person who has a serious outbreak and cannot experience relief from the above, a dermatologist may prescribe an antiviral drug that they can receive intravenously, such as cidofovir or foscarnet. They will need to be monitored closely if one of these drugs is necessary.

If a person gets cold sores frequently and has a weak immune system, the dermatologist may prescribe a prescription cream named penciclovir. This medication can reduce the time that a person has cold sores. The patient will need to apply it to the skin as soon the initial symptoms of a cold sore, such as tingling or burning, for it to work.

Pain Medication

In case a person has a significant amount of pain, the dermatologist may prescribe a drug that they may apply to the sores, such as lidocaine.

Sunscreen

It is vital to protect the sores from the sun as they heal. A lip balm with an SPF of 30 or higher and broad-spectrum protection can offer the lips protection. If worn year-round, this lip balm may be able to prevent the development of new cold sores.

There are benefits to treating cold sores. It can reduce the duration of the outbreak. It may even prevent a person from getting a cold sore if they start treatment at the first sign of a cold sore.

For More Information contact our Board Certified in Dermatologists at Texas Surgical Dermatology in Spring, TX

For more information on procedures and treatments offered at Texas Surgical Dermatology PA please call 832.663.6566 or click here to contact our dermatologists. Helping patients in Houston, The Woodlands, Spring, Katy and other surrounding areas of Texas.

Benefits of Chemical Peels

Chemical Peels

cosmetic-surgery-0 Benefits of Chemical Peels Houston DermatologistIt would be stellar if signs of aging could simply be peeled from the skin. A dermatologist can make this happen to some extent by using chemical peels. A chemical peel can mitigate many signs of facial aging as well as those on the neck, hands, and chest.

Benefits of Chemical Peels

Chemical peels also address some dermatology conditions, such as some types of acne and conditions that cause skin discoloration. Regardless of whether a patient undergoes a chemical peel to reduce signs of aging or treat a skin condition, they can experience:

  • Fewer wrinkles and lines
  • More even skin color
  • Smoother skin
  • Dazzling complexion

Certain chemical peels require downtime.

Uses

The dermatologist uses chemical peels to address:

  • Age spots
  • Acne (some types)
  • Dull complexion
  • Discoloration (blotchy, uneven complexion)
  • Fine lines (particularly under the eyes and around the mouth)
  • Melasma
  • Freckles
  • Sun-damage skin
  • Rough-feeling skin

What occurs during a Chemical Peel Treatment?

Prior to receiving a chemical peel, certain patients need to follow a pre-peel skin care plan for two to four weeks. This plan can enhance the outcomes and reduce potential side effects. The dermatologist will tell the patient whether this is required.

The patient will initially be prepped for the treatment on the day of their peel. This includes cleansing the skin properly. In case they undergo a deep peel, they will receive general anesthesia and will remain asleep during the procedure. A deep peel must be undertaken in a surgical setting.

After being prepped, the dermatologist will apply the peel rapidly and evenly. The dermatologist will monitor the patient’s skin carefully to remove the peel at just the right time. In case of a deep peel, the skin is treated one small section at a time as doing so limits the effects on the lungs and heart.

Once the peel comes off, the skin will be treated as necessary. Patients who undergo a medium peel may require cool compresses followed by a cream or lotion to soothe their skin. With deep peels, patients will have a wound that necessitates a surgical dressing.

Frequently Asked Questions

Is there downtime involved with chemical peels?

The patient will have downtime after a medium or deep peel medical spa treatment. A deep chemical peel necessitates recuperation at home for two to three weeks.

When will I see the outcomes?

After the skin heals, the patient will be able to see the outcomes. The healing time ranges from one day for a rejuvenating or lunchtime peel to 14 days or longer for a deep peel. To get the outcomes that the patient seek from a lunchtime or refreshing peel, they may need to have three to five peels.

How long will the outcomes last?

Most outcomes are not permanent as the skin continues to age. In case a person has experienced significantly damaged skin or has precancerous skin growths known as AKs, they will likely continue to see new growths and spots on their skin.

What are the potential side effects?

Side effects tend to be mild in the hands of a doctor experienced with chemical peels. Certain patients develop:

  • Persistent redness that may remain for several months
  • Temporary darkening of the skin
  • Lighter skin color with medium or deep peels
  • Scarring (exceptionally rare when undertaken by a dermatologist)

For More Information contact our Board Certified in Dermatologists at Texas Surgical Dermatology in Spring, TX

For more information on procedures and treatments offered at Texas Surgical Dermatology PA please call 832.663.6566 or click here to contact our dermatologists. Helping patients in Houston, The Woodlands, Spring, Katy and other surrounding areas of Texas.

Contact Us

Texas Surgical Dermatology PA
21009 Kuykendahl Rd, Ste A
Spring, TX 77379

Tel: 832.663.6566
FAX: 832.663.6550